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THE TEACHINGS OF JESUS
The Triumphal Entry (2)
Victor M. Eskew
I. THE INSTRUCTION
II. THE PREDICTION
III. THE SUBMISSION
IV. THE ADORATION (Matt. 21:7-9; Mark 11:7-9; Luke 19:35-38; John 12:12-13)
And they brought him to Jesus: and they cast their garments upon the colt, and they sat Jesus thereon. And as he went, they spread their clothes in the way. And when he was come nigh, even now at the decent of the mount of Olives; the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen, saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.
A. Isaac Hull:
“David was welcomed by singing and dancing women, out of all the cities of Israel, as he came back from the slaughter of the Philistines. Herodotus records that when Xerxes passed over the bridge of the Hellespont, the way before him was strewed with branches of myrtle, while burning perfumes filled the air. Quintius Curtius tells of the scattering of flowers in the way before Alexander the Great when he entered Babylon. Monier saw the way of Persian ruler strewn with roses for three miles, while glass vessels filled with sugar were broken under his horses’ feet” (Matthew, as quoted by Coffman, 322-323).
B. The statements made by the people.
1. Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord, Hosanna in the highest (Matt. 21:9).
a. Hosanna: “Save now,” or Save we pray.” It is equivalent to “God save the King.”
b. The Son of David: clearly a Messianic application, the Messiah was to come from the lineage of David
c. In the name of the Lord or by the authority of the Lord
2. Hosanna; Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord: blessed be the kingdom of our father David, that cometh in the name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest (Mark 11:9-10).
a. Here, mention is made of the kingdom.
b. The Jews were in anticipation of the kingdom. They knew it had been promised through David (II Sam. 7:12-16).
c. The problem the people had was the same as the problem many have today. They believed that the kingdom was going to be a physical kingdom.
3. Blessed be the king that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest (Luke 19:38).
4. Hosanna, Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord (John 12:13).
V. CONFRONTATION (Luke 19:39-40)
And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples. And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that; if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.
A. The truth that the Messiah was before them was so evident that the people had to cry out.
B. If they held their peace, the inanimate stones would scream the truth.
VI. LAMENTATION (Luke 19:41-44)
And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it, saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! But now they are hid from thine eyes. For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side. And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave one stone upon another; because knewest not the time of thy visitation.
A. As their King, Jesus had a deep concern for the Jewish people. Their rejection of Him and the impending doom caused Jesus to weep over the city.
B. They could have had peace, but destruction was coming.
C. Their problem was ignorance.
1. If thou hadst known.
2. They are hid from thine eyes.
3. …knewest not the time of thy visitation.
D. Jesus prophesied again the destruction of the city of Jerusalem by the Roman armies.
VII. IDENTIFICATION (Matt. 21:10-11)
And when he was come into Jersualem, all the city was moved, saying, Who is this? And the multitude said, This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee.
A. Agitation: all the city was moved
1. Strong (4579): to rock (vibrate…) to agitate; cause to tremble, to throw into a tremor (of fear or concern)
2. Thayer: to shake, agitate, cause to tremble, of men, to be thrown into a tremor, to quake for fear, metaphorically to agitate the mind
3. In their deep concern, they asked: “Who is this?’
B. Explanation: “This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee.”
1. Who asked the question and who gave the answer is unknown.
2. There is the admission that Jesus was a prophet.
3. Attached to this admission was also the information that He was from Nazareth.
a. See John 1:46
b. Was this intended to disparage what had transpired that day?
A. Jesus completely revealed Himself as the Messiah to all Israel.
B. His person and His kingdom, however, were greatly misunderstood.
C. By Friday, praise would turn to condemnation. He would trade a throne for a cross as far as the people were concerned. It is interesting that at the foot of the cross, they cried: “Hosanna, God save the king, IF He is really a king” (See Matt. 27:42).
He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him.