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Types (2)

Victor M. Eskew




A.   Last week, we had an introduction to types found in the Bible.

1.    We looked at the definition of a type.

2.    We examined several words used in the New Testament that describe types.

3.    We also studied some of the basic rules for studying types.


B.   In this lesson, we are going to consider several categories of types found in the Bible.


I.             PEOPLE CAN BE TYPES.


A.   Many Old Testament characters are types of Jesus Christ.

1.    Adam (Rom. 5:14)


Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.


2.    Melchizedek (Gen.14:18-20; Heb. 5:5-10; 6:20; 7:1-17)


3.    Joseph


4.    Moses (Deut. 18:15; Acts 3:22)


5.    Joshua (Heb. 4:8-9)


6.    David


B.   Joseph (NOTE:  Joseph was chosen because he is not ever specially said to be a type of Jesus).






Both are first-born.

Genesis 30:22-24 (of Rachel)

Matthew 1:25 (of Mary)

Both are shepherds.

Genesis 37:2

Matthew 2:2626:31
John 10:11

Both are the most loved of their fathers.

Genesis 37:3

Matthew 3:1712:18

Both were prophecied to be rulers.

Genesis 37:5-11

Daniel 7:13-14
Micah 4:7,5:2
Psalm 2

Both Joseph’s and Jesus’ brothers were jealous of them, and did not believe them.

Genesis 37:4-511

John 7:3-515:18-19

The prophecies that Joseph would rule his brothers (the tribes of Israel), and Jesus would rule the whole world, including Israel.

Genesis 37:6-11

Daniel 7:13-14
Psalm 2:1-12

Joseph was sent by his father to his brothers. Jesus was sent by His Father to Israel.

Genesis 37:13,18-20

Matthew 21:37-38Mark 12:6-7Luke 20:13-15John 5:23

Joseph was apparently put to death, and Jesus truly, by their own people to get them out of the way.

Genesis 37:18-28

Acts 2:22-23

Reuben wanted to rescue Joseph. Pilate wanted to rescue Jesus.

Genesis 37:21-22

Matthew 27:24

Joseph was sold as a slave to Egypt. Jesus was betrayed for the price of a slave.

Genesis 37:26-28

Matthew 26:15Exodus 21:32Zechariah 11:12-13

Both went to Egypt.

Genesis 37:28

Matthew 2:13-15

Both were made slaves.

Genesis 39:1

Philippians 2:7

Both were falsely accused.

Genesis 39:11-20

Matthew 26:59-61

Yahweh was with them both.

Genesis 39:3,21,23
Acts 7:9

Acts 10:38
Luke 2:52
John 1:1-23:2

Both were with two others condemned to die, one of which was pardoned and given life.

Genesis 40:1-3,20-22

Luke 23:32,39-43

God’s Spirit indwelt them both.

Genesis 41:38

Luke 4:1
Acts 10:38

The king of Egypt exalted Joseph ruler over all to bring all under the king’s rule. Jesus is exalted to bring all under God’s rule.

Genesis 41:40-44

Acts 2:32-33
1 Corinthians 15:27-28

All knees bowed to Joseph. All knees will bow to Jesus.

Genesis 41:43

Philippians 2:10

Both were given a name meaning Savior.

Genesis 41:45 (“Savior of the World” or “Sustainer of Life”)

Matthew 1:21 (“Yahweh is Salvation”)

Both were given a gentile bride by the King.

Genesis 41:45

2 Corinthians 11:2

Troubled times come during their rule. 7 years of “tribulation”.

Genesis 41:54-55

Mark 13:8
Jeremiah 30:7

The king of Egypt appointed Joseph to be the sole source of life for all. God appointed Jesus to be our sole source of eternal life.

Genesis 41:55-57

Acts 4:12
1 John 5:11-12

Joseph’s brothers did not recognize him. Jesus’ own people didn’t either.

Genesis 42:8

John 1:10

Trouble for Joseph’s brothers. Trouble for Israel (“Jacob’s trouble”).

Genesis 42:21-22,36

Isaiah 40:1-2
Jeremiah 30:7

Joseph was finally revealed to his brothers. Jesus to finally be revealed to Israel.

Genesis 45:3

Zechariah 12:10
Matthew 24:30-31
Revelation 1:7

The evil Joseph’s brothers intended God meant for good to save them. The same is true of the evil Jesus’ own people intended to him…

Genesis 45:5-8
Genesis 50:20

Acts 3:12-18

…therefore they are forgiven.

Genesis 45:5,10-15

Luke 23:34

Joseph’s brothers shared Pharaoh’s favor because of Joseph, not themselves. We share God’s favor because of Jesus, not because we are worthy.

Genesis 45:16-20

Ephesians 2:4-8
Philippians 4:19

Both are to bring all under rule of the King.

Genesis 47:19-20

Ephesians 1:10-12

Both are Savior

Genesis 47:25

Acts 13:23

Joseph’s sons (Manasseh and Ephriam) come through his gentile wife and are given full tribe status. Gentiles who believe are considered full members of God’s people.

Genesis 48:5,9

Hebrews 2:13 (Isaiah 8:18)
Acts 28:28

While only Jesus was truly sinless, Joseph is one of the few people significantly written about in the Bible of which no sins are mentioned.


1 Peter 2:22



C.   Pharaoh can be viewed as a type of Satan.

1.    He was an evil and harsh taskmaster.

2.    The children of Israel needed to be freed from his tyranny.

3.    He set himself in opposition to Israel’s deliverer, Moses.




A.   Egypt:  bondage in sin


B.   Jerusalem:  the church (Gal. 4:26)


But Jerusalem which is from above is free, which is the mother of us all.


C.   Babylon: the apostate church (Rev. 11:8; 14:8; 16:19)


D.   Canaan: Heaven

1.    A leader was needed to get to both places.

2.    Both places are reached after wandering in the wilderness.

3.    Both are places of hope for God’s children.

4.    Both are reached when one crosses the stormy waters of Jordan.

5.    Both are lands that flow with milk and honey.

6.    Both represent rest for God’s people.




A.   The brazen serpent in the wilderness (Num. 21:8; John 3:14; 12:32)


And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:  that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.


B.   The tabernacle that Moses erected (Heb. 9:8-9, 11)


The Holy Ghost signifying, that the way into the holiest of all as not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was standing:  which was a figure for the time then present…But Christ being come a high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building.


C.   The Passover lamb (Exo. 12:5-7; I Cor. 5:7)


Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened.  For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us.




A.   The flood (Gen. 6:8; Matt. 24:37-39)


But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.  For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.


B.   The children of Israel’s deliverance and wilderness wandering (I Cor. 10:1-11).


C.   Jonah in the belly of the fish (Jonah 1:17; 2:10; Matt. 12:46).




A.   Prophets (I Kings 19:16; Acts 3:22)


B.   Priests (Exo. 28:41; Heb. 3:1)


C.   Kings (I Sam. 16:1; Rev. 17:14)




A.   Sprinkling of the blood of goats on the mercy seat (Heb. 9:12-14)


B.   The releasing of the scapegoat into the wilderness (Lev. 16:11-12; Isa. 53:4, 6)




A.   The Jewish Feast Days


B.   The Day of Atonement






A.   The antitypes are the things that cast the shadow.


B.   Jesus casts many shadows.

1.    Picture


SolomonJosephMosesJoshuaDavidSacrificesProphetsKingsHigh PriestPassoverMelchizedekAdamImage result for the shadow of a tree


2.    This helps us to see the superiority of Jesus and His ministry.


C.   There is not much in the Old Covenant that is not a figure of the good things to come under the New Covenant. 

1.    It demonstrates the wisdom of God because of His ability to develop all of these figures.

2.    It should have taught the Jews quickly about the new economy of Jesus.  They should have easily grasped the New Testaments importance and teachings.