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GOD WARNS ISRAEL ABOUT THEIR KING
I Samuel 8:10-22
Victor M. Eskew
i. THE APPOINTMENTS OF THE KING (I Sam. 8:10-17)
ii. THE AGONY OF THE PEOPLE (I Sam. 8:18)
iii. THE ASPIRATION OF THE PEOPLE (I Sam. 8:19-20)
iv. THE APPROVAL FROM GOD (I Sam. 8:21-22)
2. T – F “And Samuel told all the words of the Lord unto the people that asked of him a king.”
(I Sam. 8:10).
B. Samuel was faithful to his charge as a prophet of God.
1. He told them exactly what God has revealed to him.
2. He knew the people might not be receptive of what he had to say.
3. Who is the first group of people that Samuel tells will be taken by the king? (I Sam. 8:11).
And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots.
A. He begins with their sons.
B. Sons were very important to the family.
1. Sons are children and are dearly loved by their parents.
2. They were the hard laborers within the family.
3. They were the ones who would carry on the family name.
4. What are the three major positions the sons will be expected to fulfill? (I Sam. 8:11-12).
…He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen and some shall run before his chariots. And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots.
5. What positions would they hold in the military? (I Sam. 8:11-12a).
A. For his chariots
B. To be his horsemen
C. To run before his chariots
D. Captains over thousands
E. Captains over fifties
F. See I Kings 5:13-16
6. What two statements describe the sons’ becoming farmers? (I Sam. 8:12).
A. To ear his ground
a. Strong (2790): to scratch, thus, to plough
b. BDB: to cut in, to plough
B. To reap his harvest
7. What instruments would they be required to manufacture? (I Sam. 8:12)
A. His instruments of war
B. Instruments of his chariots
8. What is the second group that would be taken by the king? (I Sam. 8:13).
And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers.
B. Daughters were also important within the family.
1. They were tender and added a gentle atmosphere in the home.
2. They worked within the house while the men worked in the fields.
3. They were often given in marriage to others who could benefit the family.
9. What three positions would the daughters hold in the kingdom? (I Sam. 8:13)
1. Strong (7548): a female perfumer
2. BDB: ointment-maker (female)
10. Samuel warns them that the king would take “the best” of three things and give them to his servants. What are these three things? (I Sam. 8:14)
And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.
A. Fields B. Vineyards C. Oliveyards
1. He will take the best of them. He will not take that which does not produce. He will take the most productive things they have.
2. For many individuals these were their sources of income and wealth. This would be taken from them.
11. What would the king take a tenth of and give to his officers and servants? (I Sam. 8:15)
And he will take a tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give them to his officers, and to his servants.
A. A tenth of their seed
B. A tenth of their vineyards (This would come from what they were allowed to keep after the king took what he desired from them).
12. What four things would be taken and put to work? (I Sam. 8:16)
And he will take your menservants, and your maidservants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them to work.
C. Goodliest young man
1. Strong (2896): the good
2. BDB: good, pleasant, excellent, rich, valuable in estimation, of good understanding, kind, ethically right
3. This indicates that some might be left behind. The worthless, the poor, the infirmed, the ignorant, the mean and angry, and the morally reprehensible.
4. The king would take the best, the very best.
13. “He will take a tenth of your “sheep” (I Sam. 8:17)
14. What would be their position before the king? (I Sam. 8:17)
…and ye shall be his servants.
15. Define: servants (I Sam. 8:17)
A. Strong (5650): a servant :- bondman, bond-servant
B. BDB: slave, servant, subject
16. What would be the people’s reaction to the oppression of the king? (I Sam. 8:18).
And ye shall cry out in that day because your king which ye shall have chosen you…
A. Cry out
1. Strong (2199): to shriek (from anguish or danger)
2. BDB: To cry, cry out, call, call out for help
1. They wanted the government to be their keeper rather than God, and found out that man is more oppressive than God is.
2. The very thing they desired is the thing that now causes them anguish to the point they cry out unto God for help.
17. How would God respond to their cries? (I Sam. 8:18)
…and the Lord will not hear you in that day.
A. God had been a good God to them.
B. The people rejected God, and they rejected His warnings about what they desired.
C. God would not rescue them from their evil choices.
D. LESSON: There are times when people MUST live with the consequences of their actions.
18. T – F This warning convinced the people that they did not want a king (I Sam. 8:19)
Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us.
B. LESSON: I heard a sermon entitled: “You just cannot warn some people.”
1. They will reject facts.
2. Their minds are blinded to reality.
3. Their immediate desires are more important than the consequences of their decisions.
19. What three reasons did they give for still desiring a king? (I Sam. 8:20)
That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles.
A. To be like all the nations (king) CONFORMITY to nations
B. To judge them (judge) CORRUPTION of the kings
C. To go out, and fight their battles (general) CASUALTIES (See I Samuel 7:10)
20. What did Samuel do with the reply by the people? (I Sam. 8:21)
And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed them in the ears of the Lord.
A. Samuel reported to God all that the people had said.
B. How disappointing this must have been for Samuel. He must have thought that the people would be rational and see the problems that would arise from their request, but they did not.
21. “And the Lord said unto Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and make them a king” (I Sam. 8:22).
22. What did Samuel exhort the men of Israel to do after this meeting? (I Sam. 8:22)
And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every man unto his city.
A. What would happen next was in the hands of God.
B. He would not be long in delivering to the people the king they desired.
THE SEARCH FOR THE LOST DONKEYS
I Samuel 9:1-13
Victor M. Eskew
1. Outline the text:
i. I Samuel 9:1—2
ii. I Samuel 9:3
iii. I Samuel 9:4-5
iv. I Samuel 9:6-10
v. I Samuel 9:11-13
2. Of what tribe was Kish a member? (I Sam. 9:1)
3. What does “Kish” mean? (I Sam. 9:1)
4. What do we know about Kish’s descendants? (I Sam. 9:1)
5. Kish was “…a mighty man of _______________________” (I Sam. 9:1)
6. Define: power (I Sam. 9:1)
7. What son of Kish is revealed in I Samuel 9:2?
8. How is he described (I Sam. 9:2)
9. Define: choice young man (I Sam. 9:2)
10. Define: goodly (I Sam. 9:2)
11. What had Kish lost? (I Sam. 9:3).
12. Who was to go with Saul to seek the asses? (I Sam. 9:3)
13. What five places did they search in an attempt to find the lost animals? (I Sam. 9:4-5a)
14. Who was Saul concerned about when they could not find the asses? (I Sam. 9:5b)
15. Who did the servant request that they try to find who could help them? (I Sam. 9:6)
16. What two descriptions are given of “the man of God”? (I Sam. 9:6)
17. Define: honorable (I Sam. 9:6)
18. What was Saul concerned about if they chose to go to the man of God? ( Sam. 9:7)
19. What did the servant have to give to the man of God? (I Sam. 9:8)
20. How much was “the fourth part of a shekel of silver” worth? (I Sam. 9:8)
21. What was the ancient name for a prophet? (I Sam. 9:9).
22. T- F They went to the city of the man of God (I Sam. 9:10).
23. To whom did Saul and the servant speak as they went up the hill into the city of the prophet? (I Sam. 9:11).
24. What were these women doing? (I Sam. 9:11)
25. Why was Samuel in the city? (I Sam. 9:12)
26. Where was the sacrifice supposed to take place? (I Sam. 9:12)
27. The people would not eat until Samuel had done what to the sacrifice? (I Sam. 9:13)