OceanSide church of Christ

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JAMES 2:23

Victor M. Eskew


And the Scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness:  and he was called the Friend of God.


1.    Scripture

A.   Strong (1124):  a document, that is, holy Writ (or its contents or a statement in it)

B.    Thayer:  a writing, a thing written, the Scripture, used to denote either the book itself, or its contents

C.   Vine:  akin to grapho, to write…a writing (a) of the O. T. Scriptures…in the singular in reference to a particular passage


2.    Fulfilled

A.   Strong (4137):  to make replete…verify (or coincide with a prediction)

B.    Thayer:  to make full, fill up…to carry into effect, bring to realization…of sayings, prophesies, to bring to pass, ratify, accomplish

C.   Vine:  to fulfill, complete


3.    Abraham

A.   Strong (11):  the Hebrew patriarch

B.    Thayer:  “the father of a multitude,” the son of Terah and the founder of the Jewish nation

C.   Vine:  no information


4.    Believed

A.   Strong (4100):  to have faith (in, upon, or with respect to, a person or thing)

B.    Thayer:  to think to be true, to be persuaded of, to credit, place confidence in

C.   Vine:  to believe, also to be persuaded of, and hence, to place confidence in, to trust, reliance upon


5.    Imputed

A.   Strong (3049):  to take an inventory, that is, estimate (literally or figuratively)

B.    Thayer:  to reckon, count, compute, calculate, count over, to take into account

C.   Vine:  to reckon, take into account, or, metaphorically to put down to a person’s account, is never used in the R.V. by the verb impute.  In the following, where the A.V. has that rendering, the R.V. uses the verb to reckon, which is far more suitable


6.    Righteousness

A.   Strong (1343):  equity…specifically (Christian) justification

B.    Thayer:  the state of him who is as he ought to be, righteousness, the condition

 acceptable to God

C.   Vine:  the character or quality of being right or just, it was formerly spelled ‘rightwiseness,’ which clearly expresses the meaning…whatever conforms to the revealed will of God…the sum total of the requirements of God



7.   Called

A.   Strong (2564):  to call

B.    Thayer:  to call…to give some name to one

C.   Vine:  to call, to be called by a name


8.   Friend

A.   Strong (5384):  properly, dear, that is, friend

B.    Thayer:  friend

C.   Vine:  denoting, loved, dear, or friendly