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Separating Fact from Fiction


The Judgment
Lesson 9

Victor M. Eskew




A.    The word “judgment” is used 76 times in 74 verses in the New Testament.


B.    Two Greek words are translated “judgment.”

1.     Krisis (2920)

a.     Strong:  justice, specifically divine law

b.     Thayer: 

1)    A separating, sundering, separation

2)    Opinion or decision, especially concerning right and wrong

3)    Sentence of condemnation, damnatory judgment, condemnation and punishment

2.     Dikaioma (1335)

a.     Strong:  an equitable deed…a statement or decision

b.     Thayer:  a judicial decision, sentence


C.    In this lesson, let’s try to get a better understanding of the Day of Judgment.


I.               THE FACT OF JUDGMENT


A.    Hebrews 9:27


And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment.



B.    II Corinthians 5:10


For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.




A.    Judgment (Acts 24:25; I Tim. 5:24; Heb. 10:27; I Pet. 2:40)


And as he reasoned of righteousness, temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled, and answered, Go thy way for this time; when I have a more convenient season, I will call for thee.


B.    The judgment (Matt. 12:42; Luke 10:14; 11:31-32; Heb. 9:27)


The queen of the south shall rise in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it:  for she came from the utter most part of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold, a greater than Solomon is here.




C.    The day of judgment (Matt. 10:15; 11:22, 24; 12:36; Mark 6:11; II Pet. 2:9; 3:7; I John 4:17).


Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, then that that city.


D.    Eternal judgment (Heb. 6:2)


Of the doctrines of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment.


E.    The judgment of the great day (Jude 6)


And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in ever-lasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.


F.     The judgment of God (Rom. 1:32; 2:2-3)


Who, knowing the judgment of God, that they which do such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.


G.    The righteous judgment of God (Rom. 2:5)


But after thy hardness and impenitent heart, treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God.




A.    Noah and the flood (Gen. 6:13)


And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.


B.    Sodom and Gomorrah (Gen. 19:24-25)


Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven; and he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.


C.    Egypt and the 10 Plagues (Exo. 12:12)


For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment:  I am the Lord.


D.    Assyrian Captivity (II Kings 17:23)


Until the Lord removed Israel out of his sight, as he had said by all his servant the prophets.  So was Israel carried away out of their own land to Assyria unto this day.





E.    Babylonian Captivity (II Kings 25:21)


And the king of Babylon smote them, and slew them at Riblah in the land of Hamath.  So Judah was carried away out of their land.


F.     Destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 (Matt. 24:30)


And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven:  and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.




A.    Judgment will happen on a single day (Acts 17:31)


Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness…


B.    Judgment has been committed into the hands of the Jesus (John 5:22, 27; Acts 10:42; 17:31; Rom. 2:16; II Tim. 4:1, 8).


For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son.


C.    Those who will be judged.

1.     Angels (I Cor. 6:2-3; II Pet. 2:4; Jude 6)


For if God spared not he angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment.


2.     Christians (II Cor. 5:10; Rom. 14:10, 12)


So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.


3.     All men (Matt. 25:32; Acts 17:31; Rom. 2:4-6, 3:6; I Cor. 5:13; Heb. 9:27; 10:23, 13:4; Rev. 20:12-13)


Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he shall judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained…


4.     The quick and the death (I Pet. 4:5)


Who shall give account to him that is ready to judge the quick and the dead.


5.     NOTE:  No one will escape the judgment (See Rom. 2:3)


D.    Things that will be judged:

1.     Deeds done in the body (II Cor. 5:10)


For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one of us may receive the things done in his body.


a.     Acts of service (Matt. 25:34-45)

b.     Works (Rev. 20:12-15)


2.     Our words (Matt. 12:36-37)


But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.  For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.


3.     Our thoughts (I Cor. 4:5)


Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the heart:  and then shall every may have praise of God.


4.     The secrets of man (Eccl. 12:14; Rom. 2:16; I Tim. 5:24-25)


For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thin, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.


E.    The Standard of Judgment

1.     The word of Christ (John 12:48)


He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him:  the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.


2.     Righteousness (Acts 17:31)


Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he shall judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained…


3.     Truth (Rom. 2:2)


But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such things.


4.     Paul’s gospel (Rom. 2:16)


In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.


5.     The books (Rev. 20:12)


And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened:  and another book was opened, which is the book of life:  and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.


6.     By the judgment wherewith we judge others (Matt. 7:2)


For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged:  and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again.


F.     The Purposes of Judgment

1.     To give man a time to give an account of himself to God

a.     Romans 14:12


So then every one of us shall give an account of himself unto God.


b.     Two examples:

1)    Matthew 7:22


Many shall say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name?  And in thy name have cast out devils?  And in thy name done many wonderful works?


2)    Parable of the talents

a.     Five talent man (Matt. 25:20)

b.     Two talent man (Matt. 25:22)

c.     One talent man (Matt. 25:24-25)


Then he which had received the one talent came and said, Lord, I knew thee that thou art a hard man, reaping where thou hast not sown, and gathering where thou hast not strewed:  and I was afraid, and went and hid thy talent in the earth:  lo, there thou hast that is thine.


2.     To publicize and execute sentence

a.     Matthew 7:23


And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you:  depart from me, ye that work iniquity.


b.     Matthew 25:34, 41


Then shall the King shay unto them on his right hand, Come ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world…Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels.


c.     Revelation 20:15


And whosoever was not found in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.


3.     To make the ultimate, final separation.

a.     The tares from the wheat (Matt. 13:39-43)

b.     The good from the bad (Matt. 13:48-49)

c.     The profitable from the unprofitable (Matt. 25:23, 30)

d.     The sheep from the goats (Matt. 24:31-33, 46)

e.     The fruitful from the unfruitful (John 15:1-8)

f.      The obedient from the disobedient (Rom. 2:6-11)


4.     To glorify God for His grace and to vindicate Him for His justice.


G.    This judgment is absolutely certain because of the definiteness of the Lord’s resurrection (Acts 17:31).


Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead.




A.    The Lord’s throne is prepared for judgment (Ps. 9:7).


B.    In the judgment, the Judge of the earth shall do right (Gen. 18:25).

C.    The ungodly shall not stand in the judgment (Ps. 1:5).


D.    The righteous will have boldness in the day of judgment (I John 4:17).