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The Reign of David Begins

II Samuel 2:1-11


Victor M. Eskew


1.     Outline the text:


i.                    DAVID DWELLS IN HEBRON (II Sam. 2:1-3)

ii.                  DAVID DECREED KING OVER JUDAH (II Sam 2:4a)

iii.                DAVID DELIGHTS IN THE MEN OF JABESH-GILEAD (II Sam. 2:4b-7)

iv.                ISH-BOSHETH DECLARED KING OVER ISRAEL (II Sam. 2:8-11)


2.    Of whom did David make inquiry? (II Sam. 2:1)


And it came to pass after this, that David inquired of the Lord…


A.    David inquired of the Lord.


B.      Remember:  This was one of Saul’s shortcomings.  He did not inquire when he should have.


3.    What was David’s question? (II Sam. 2:1)


…saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah?


A.    He was asking if he should go up into any of the cities of Judah.


B.      Saul was dead.  David had been anointed to be king.  He wondered what the next step should be.


4.    T – F  God did not want David to go into Judah. (II Sam. 2:1)


And the Lord said unto him, Go up.


A.    False.  God told David to go up.


5.    What was David’s second questioned posed to God? (II Sam. 2:1)


…And David said, Whither shall I go?


A.    David wondered into which city he should go.


6.    Into which city was David to go? (II Sam. 2:1)


…And he said, Unto Hebron.


A.    God told him to go to Hebron.


B.      Facts about Hebron.

1.        Located almost 20 miles south of Jerusalem in the territory of Judah.

2.       One of the oldest continually occupied cities in the world

3.       It was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt, that is, in 1702 B.C. (Num. 13:22)

4.       The word “Hebron” means “friend.”

5.       It has been associated with the Cave of Machpelah purchased by Abraham for a burial place.

6.       Joshua received this city as his inheritance after the land was conquered (Josh. 14:13-14).

7.       Its name before being Hebron as Kirjatharba (Josh. 14:15).  Arba was a great man of the Anakims.


Image result for hebron in the bible


7.    T – F  David feared to go to Hebron. (II Sam. 2:2)


So David went up thither…


A.    False


8.    Which of David’s wives went with him to Hebron? (II Sam. 2:2)


…and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal’s wife the Carmelite.


A.    Ahinoam the Jezreelitess


B.      Abigail, Nabal’s wife the Carmelite


9.    T- F   David left his men behind? (II Sam. 2:3)


And his men that were with him did David bring up…


A.    False


10.  David’s men ( were     were not ) allowed to bring their households. (II Sam. 2:3)


…every man with his household:  and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron.


A.    David’s men WERE allowed to bring their families with them to Hebron.


B.      The number of men who followed David were 600 (I Sam. 30:9).


11.   Who came to anointed David king? (II Sam. 2:4)


And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king…


A.    The men of Judah



12.  David was anointed “king over the house of Judah” (II Sam. 2:4).


A.    Samuel had anointed David as king in a private ceremony before his family (See I Sam. 16:13).


Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren:  and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward.  So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.


B.      The first time showed God’s intent, and David’s right to be king.

The second time showed the fulfillment of the intent, and his authority over the kingdom.


C.     He will be anointed again later (II Sam. 5:3).


13.  Who was David told that buried the body of Saul? (II Sam 2:4)


…And they told David, saying, That the men of Jabesh-gilead were they that buried Saul.




A.    The men of Jabesh-gilead


B.      Background:

1.        It belonged to the half-tribe of Manasseh.

2.       This tribe had not been part of an attempt to destroy the Benjamites (Judges 21:8-14).

3.       600 virgins of Jabesh-gilead were given to the men of Benjamin to replenish the tribe.


14.  Who did David send to the men of Jabesh-gilead? (I Sam. 2:5)


And David sent messengers to the men of Jabesh-gilead…


A.    He sent messengers to them


15.  “…and said unto them Blessed be ye of the Lord” (II Sam. 2:5).


16.  When the men of Jabesh-gilead buried the body of Saul, what kind of act did they commit? (II Sam. 2:5).


…that ye have shown this kindness unto your lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him.


A.    He refers to their action as kindness.


B.      Definition:

1.        Strong (2617):  kindness          :- favour, good deed (-liness, -ness), kindly, (loving-) kindness, merciful (kindness), mercy, pity, reproach, wicked thing.

2.       BDB:  goodness, kindness, faithfulness


C.     They were kind in their actions:

1.        Their bodies could no longer be viewed by the Philistines with joy.

2.       Their bodies were no longer damaged by the elements and birds of prey.

3.       Their bodies were honorably destroyed by their kinsmen.


17.  What two things did David want the Lord to show unto the men of Jabesh-gilead? (II Sam. 2:6)


And now the Lord show kindness and truth unto you…


A.    Kindness (Note:  The word “kindness” is the same word David had used to describe the actions of the men of Jabesh-gilead to Saul).


B.      Truth

1.        Strong (571):  stability, certainty, trustworthiness

2.       BDB:  firmness, faithfulness, sureness, reliability, stability, continuance


18.  T – F  David also promised to requite kindness to the men of Jabesh-gilead. (II Sam. 2:6)


…and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing.


A.    True


B.      How David was going to requite kindness to them is not revealed. 


19.  “Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, and be ye valiant” (II Sam. 2:7).


A.    This is a wish that David confers upon these men. 


B.      He wanted them to continue to manifest the qualities they have manifested in rescuing the bodies of Saul and his sons. 

1.        Strong hands

2.       Valiant

a.       Strong (2428):  a force, a band of men, band of soldiers

b.      BDB:  strength, might, efficiency, a force, an army


20.  What did David hope would encourage them, even though Saul was dead? (II Sam. 2:7)


…for your master Saul is dead, and also the house of Judah have anointed me king over them.


A.    He wanted them to know that even though their previous king was dead that now Judah had anointed him to be their king.


B.      David may not have known all of the ins and outs happening in Israel, but he did know that only the tribe of Judah had anointed him king. 


C.     David was hoping that these brave and valiant men would show loyalty to him the way they had shown loyalty to Saul.


21.  What two descriptions are we given of Abner? (II Sam. 2:8)


But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul’s host…


A.    Son of Ner

1.        Ner was Saul’s uncle (I Sam. 14:50).

2.       This makes Abner Saul’s first cousin.


B.      Captain of Saul’s host

1.        Abner was the commander of Saul’s army.

2.       However, he may have been jealous of David’s accomplishments as a military commander in the forces of Saul.


22.  Who did Abner bring to Mahanaim? (II Sam. 2:8)


…took Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim.


A.    Ish-bosheth, the son of Saul


B.      Mahanaim


Image result for mahanaim bible map


1.        Mahanaim was east of the Jordan River.  It was the place Abner and the armies of Israel fled when there overcome by the Philistines.

2.       It was the place where angels met Jacob as he was returning to Canaan after the years of labor for Laban (See Gen. 32:1-2).


23.  Who was Ish-bosheth? (II Sam. 2:8)


A.    Ish-bosheth was the fourth son of Saul (I Chron. 8:33; 9:39).


B.      Originally, his name was Esh-baal, or, “fire of Baal.”


C.     His name was changed to Ish-bosheth, that is, “son of shame.”  We are not given the reason for this name change.


24.  T – F  Abner made Ish-bosheth king? (II Sam. 2:9)


And made him king…


A.    True


B.      LESSON:  When there are leadership changes, there is often period of turmoil that follows.  Several individual will usually fight for power when previous leaderships come to an end.


25.  Who was Ish-bosheth made king over? (II Sam. 2:9)


…over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel.


A.    Gilead                                B.  Ashurites               C.  Jezreel


D.    Ephraim                             E.  Benjamin                F.  All Israel


26.  How old was Ish-bosheth when he became king? (II Sam. 2:10)


Ish-bosheth Saul’s son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel…


A.    Forty years old


27.  How long did Ish-bosheth reign over Israel? (II Sam. 2:10a)


…and reigned two years…


A.    Two years


28.  How long was David over the house of Judah? (II Sam. 2:10b-11)


...But the house of Judah followed David.  And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.


A.    Seven years and six months.


B.      An apparent “division” between Judah and Israel goes back to the early days of Saul’s monarchy (See I Sam. 11:8).


And when he numbered them in Bezek, the children of Israel were three hundred thousand, and the men of Judah thirty thousand.


1.        How and why the division occurred we are not told.

2.       Abner takes advantage of it after the death of Saul in an attempt to steal the kingdom from David.










The Rivalry between Abner and Joab

II Samuel 2:12-32


Victor M. Eskew


1.     Outline the text:


v.                  II SAMUEL 2:12-17

vi.                II SAMUEL 2:18-23

vii.              II SAMUEL 2:24-28

viii.            II SAMUEL 2:29-32


2.    Who went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon? (II Sam. 2:12)


3.    Who went to meet Abner “by the pool of Gibeon”? (II Sam. 2:13)


4.    Who is Joab? (II Sam. 2:13)


5.    At the pool, what did Abner say to Joab? (II Sam. 2:14)_


6.    Define:  play (II Sam. 2:14)


7.    How many men from each side were going to fight? (II Sam. 2:15)


8.    What happened during this initial encounter? (II Sam. 2:16)


9.    What was the name of the placed called (II Sam. 2:16)


10.  T – F  Abner was victorious that day in battle. (II Sam. 2:17)


11.   How many sons of Zeruiah were there?   Name them.  (II Sam. 2:18)


12.  Which one of the sons was “as light of foot as a wild roe”? (II Sam. 2:18)


13.  Who did Asahel pursue after? (II Sam. 2:19)


14.  When Abner looked behind him, what did he ask? (II Sam. 2:20)


15.  What did Abner encourage Asahel to do? (II Sam. 2:21)


16.  T – F  Asahel quit following Abner at that point (II Sam. 2:21)


17.  T – F  Abner wanted to kill Asahel? (II Sam. 2:22)


18.  “…how then should I hold up my ________________ to ____________ thy brother ?” (II Sam. 2:22)


19.  How did Abner kill Asahel? (II Sam. 2:23)


20.  What did people do when they came to the place where Asahel was killed? (II Sam. 2:23)


21.  Who was also in pursuit of Abner? (II Sam. 2:24)


22.  Where were they when the sun went down on them? (II Sam. 2:24)


23.  Who gathered themselves together with Abner and stood on the top of a hill? (II Sam. 2:25)


24.  What two questions did Abner pose to Joab? (II Sam. 2:26)






25.  Had Abner failed to speak, what would have occurred? (II Sam. 2:27)


26.  T – F  When Joab blew the trumpet, however, his forces attacked Abner and his troops. (II Sam.



27.  To what place did Abner and his men return? (II Sam. 2:29)


28.  How many of David’s men perished in the fight, excluding Asahel? (II Sam. 2:30)


29.  How many men did Abner and Benjamin lose? (II Sam. 2:31)


30.  Where was Asahel buried? (II Sam. 2:32)


31.  To what city did Joab and his men return? (II Sam. 2:32)