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The Reconciliation with Israel

II Samuel 5:1-10

Victor M. Eskew


1.     Outline the text


i.                    THE CONFEDERATION OF THE TRIBES OF ISRAEL (II Sam 5:1-5)

ii.                  THE CONQUEST OF JERUSALEM (II Sam. 5:6-10)


2.    Which of the tribes of Israel came to David in Israel? (II Sam. 5:1).


Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron…


A.    All of the tribes of Israel came to David.


B.      The only tribe that had remained loyal to David was Judah (See II Sam. 2:4).


C.     The phrase, “all of the tribes of Israel,” therefore, must refer to the eleven tribes that had spilt when Abner made Ish-bosheth king in Israel.


3.    “…and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh” (II Sam. 5:1).


A.    This was one of three arguments they presented to David in their attempt to unite the nation under him.


B.      Thy bone and thy flesh.

1.        All of these tribes had a common ancestry through the great patriarch Jacob and farther back through Abraham.

2.       Family ties are usually important to the members of the family.


C.     QUESTION:  Why had they not considered their family ties with David during the past seven and a half years?  Answer:  Abner had deep family ties to Saul and did not want to lose the kingdom from his family lineage.


4.    T – F  Israel remembered how David served during the reign of Saul. (II Sam. 5:2)


Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel…


A.    True.  This is the second argument they present for uniting the kingdom.


B.      They had been under David’s leadership even when Saul was king of the nation.  It was David who was a faithful commander.  He had led many of these individuals in battles in the past (See I Sam. 18:5).


And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely:  and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul’s servants.


C.     Thus, it was not a big step in going from a captain of the forces to the king of the nation. 


5.    “…and the Lord said unto thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be captain over Israel" (II Sam. 5:2).


A.    This is the third argument they give for making David their king.


B.      They admit that David is the divinely appointed man to be the king of Israel

1.        If they had known this all along, why didn’t they submit to God’s divine appointment from the start? 

2.       See Ps. 78:70-72


He chose David also his servant, and took him from the sheepfolds:  from following the ewes great with young he brought him to feed Jacob his people, and Israel his inheritance.  So he fed them according to the integrity of his heart; and guided them by the skillfulness of his hands.


6.    Who came to David in Hebron and made a league with him? (II Sam. 5:3).


So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the Lord…


A.    The elders of Israel


B.      These were the older representatives of the tribes, men of experience and wisdom.


C.     The word “league” means “covenant” or “alliance.” 


7.    T – F  The elders also anointed David king over Israel. (II Sam. 5:3).


…and they anointed David king over Israel.


A.    True


B.      This was the third time David had been anointed king.

1.        He was anointed by Samuel at his father’s house (I Sam. 16:13).

2.       He was anointed by the tribe of Judah after the death of Saul (II Sam. 2:4).

3.       He is now anointed by all of the remaining tribes of Israel.


8.    How old was David when he began to reign? (II Sam. 5:4)


David was thirty years old when he began to reign…


A.    He was thirty years of age when he began to reign over the kingdom, having only Judah in submission to him.


B.      NOTE:  When Jesus was baptized by John in Jordan, He was about thirty years of age (Luke 3:23).


And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age…


C.     Barnes:  “If David was 20 years old at the time he killed Goliath, four years in Saul’s service, four years of wandering from place to place, one year and four months in the country of the Philistines, and a few months after Saul’s death, would make up the 10 years necessary to bring him to the age of 30” (e-sword).


9.    How long did he reign? (II Sam. 5:4)


…and he reigned forty years.


A.    Forty years


B.      Saul’s reign was forty-two years (I Sam. 13:1).  David’s reign was forty years.  Solomon’s reign was forty years (I Kings 11:42).  The United Kingdom, therefore, lasted 122 years.

10.  How long did David reign over Judah? (II Sam. 5:5).


In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months…


A.    Seven years and six months


11.   How long did David reign over all Israel and Judah? (II Sam. 5:5)


...and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.


A.    Thirty-three years


12.  Where did David go to confront the Jebusites? (II Sam. 5:6)


And the king and his men when to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites the inhabitants of the land…


A.    Jerusalem

1.        Notice the previous verse:  “…and in Jerusalem he reigned …over all Israel and Judah.”

2.       For some reason, David moved the capital of the kingdom from Hebron to Jerusalem. 

a.       The city was more centrally located than the city of Hebron.

b.      The city lay both in the tribe of Judah (Josh. 15:63) and in the tribe of Benjamin (Josh. 18:28).  Thus, it could have been an effort to appease those who had been favorable to Saul who was of the tribe of Benjamin.


B.      Some interesting points.

1.        The first time we read the name “Jerusalem” in Scripture is in Joshua 10:1.  At that time, Adonizedek was the king of the city.  He was a Canaanite king.

2.       However, in Genesis 14:18, we are introduced to Melchizedek king of Salem.  Salem was the old name for Jerusalem.

3.       In the days of Saul, the city of Jerusalem was in the possession of Israel because David took the head of Goliath there (I Sam. 17:54). 

4.       Perhaps during the time of war between the house of David and the house of Saul, the Jebusites took the city.

5.       It was a city that had a perfect location both for safety and commerce.  Too, it was well fortified.


13.  Who are the Jebusites? (II Sam. 5:6)


A.    The Jebusites were the descendants of Canaan who was one of the sons of Ham the son of Noah (Gen. 10:16).


B.      They located in the land of Canaan (Gen. 15:18-21).  Because of their iniquity, they would be conquered by Joshua and the Israelites (Gen. 15:16).  Apparently, they did not drive all of them out.  Thus, they became a thorn in the side of the Israelites.


14.  What does the phrase, “Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither,” mean? (II Sam. 5:6)


…which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither… 


A.    The Jebusites were taunting David.  They believed their walls were impenetrable.  They could put blind men who could not see the approaching forces on the wall.  They could put the lame on the wall to fight.  Still, David and his men would not be able to take the city.


B.      LESSON:  Men build their walled cities and put their trust in them.  They believe they cannot be defeated.  Sadly, they forget the strength of the Almighty God.  (See Obad. 3).


15.  T –F   The Jebusites were very concerned that David could overtake them. (II Sam. 5:6)


… thinking, David cannot come in hither.


A.    False


16.  T – F  David could not take the stronghold of the Jebusites. (II Sam. 5:7)


Nevertheless David took the stronghold of Zion:  the same is the city of David.


A.    False.  David took the stronghold of Zion.  NOTE:  Zion was the name of one of the mountains upon which Jerusalem had been built.


B.      Because he conquered it, it was referred to as “the city of David.”


C.     NOTE:  The town of Bethlehem is also called “the city of David” (Luke 2:4).  It is called “the city of David” because it was the town in which David was born and raised by his father Jesse.


And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, (because he was of the house and lineage of David).


17.  What did David promise to the one who smote the Jebusites? (II Sam. 5:8)


And David said on that day, Whosever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David’s soul, he shall be chief and captain…


A.    He would be David’s chief and captain.


B.      What is the meaning of the word “gutter”?  It means the pipe or water conduit.  It was the means by which David and his armies could enter the city and overthrow it.


18.  What is the meaning of the phrase:  “Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house”? (II Sam. 5:8).


A.    It seems that David is reminding his troops about what was said by the Jebusites regarding the blind and the lame.


B.      This would incite them to be even more earnest in their attempts to take the city.  They would not allow a city protected by the blind and the lame to remain.


19.  What did David call the fort in which he dwelled? (II Sam. 5:9)


So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David…


A.    This was the fortified part of the city.


B.      He called it “the city of David.”


20.  What is Millo? (II Sam. 5:9)


…And David built round about from Millo and inward.


A.    Millo

1.        Strong (4407):  a rampart, that is, a citadel

2.       BDB:  a rampart or mound, part of the fortifications of Jerusalem


B.      Every city had strong and weak parts in it.  The weaker parts were fortified and made strong.  When David secured the city, he continued to fortify the city from the Millo inward.


21.  Who was with David as he grew great? (II Sam. 5:10)


And David went on, and grew great, and the Lord God of hosts was with him.


A.    The Lord of hosts was with him.


B.      This was in contrast to Saul.  After his disobedience to God’s commands, the Lord was not with him.


C.     LESSON:  This is the “secret” to any successful leader.  If the Lord is with him, he will be successful.










































David Rooted as King Over All Israel

II Samuel 5:11-25


Victor M. Eskew


1.     Outline the text


i.                    II SAMUEL 5:11-12

ii.                  II SAMUEL 5:13-16

iii.                II SAMUAL 5:16-25


  1. What did Hiram king of Tyre send to David? (II Sam. 5:11)


  1. What was the purpose of the supplies? (II Sam. 5:11)


  1. What two things did David perceive? (II Sam. 5:12)






  1. “And David took him more ___________________ and ____________ out of Jerusalem…” (II Sam. 5:13).


  1. T – F  David had sons and daughters born to him in Jerusalem. (II Sam. 5:13).


  1. How many sons were born to David in Jerusalem? (II Sam. 5:14-16)


  1. What were the names of the sons born to David in Jerusalem? (II Sam. 5:14-16)


  1. Who came to seek David when they heard he had been anointed king over Israel? (II Sam. 5:17)


  1. Where did David go when he knew the Philistines were seeking him? (II Sam. 5:17)


  1. Where did the Philistines spread themselves? (II Sam. 5:18)


  1. T – F  When the Philistines sought David, he failed to inquire of the Lord.  (II Sam. 5:19)


  1. What two questions did David ask God when he inquired of God about the Philistines? (II Sam. 5:19)






  1. How did the Lord respond to David’s inquiry? (II Sam. 5:19)


  1. Where did David smite the Philistines in the first encounter? (II Sam. 5:20)


  1. “…and said, The Lord hath ______________ forth upon mine ______________ before me, as the ____________ of waters” (II Sam. 5:20)


  1. What did David call the name of the place wherein he smote the Philistines? (II Sam. 5:20)


  1. What did the Philistines leave behind? (II Sam. 5:21)


  1. What did David and his men do to the images? (II Sam. 5:21)


  1. T – F  The Philistines spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim again. (II Sam. 5:22)


  1. T – F  David inquired of the Lord before engaging in this second battle. (II Sam. 5:23)


  1. T – F  God told David not to go up.  (II Sam. 5:23)


  1. “…but fetch a ___________________ behind them, and come upon them over against the ______________ trees” (II Sam. 5:23).


  1. For what was David to wait in the tops of the mulberry trees? (II Sam. 5:24).


  1. When he heard the sound, who would go out before him, to smite the host of the Philistines? (II Sam. 5:24)


  1. T – F  David rebelled against God in this battle.  (II Sam. 5:25)


  1. “…and smote the Philistines from ______________ unto thou come to ___________.” (II Sam. 5:25)