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David’s Recognition of the Great God

II Samuel 7:18-29

Victor M. Eskew


1.     Outline:


i.                    DAVID’S AWE OF GOD (II Sam. 7:18-21)

ii.                  DAVID’S ANALYSIS OF GOD (II Sam 7:22)

iii.                DAVID’S AWARENESS ABOUT ISRAEL (II Sam. 7:23-24)

iv.                DAVID’S APPEAL FOR THE BLESSING (II Sam. 7:25-29)


2.    Before whom did David go in and sit? (II Sam. 7:18)


Then went king David in, and sat before the Lord…


A.    Before the Lord.


B.      Most commentators believe that David went into the tabernacle and prayed this prayer.

1.        Barnes:  “In the tent where the ark was” (e-sword).

2.       K&D:  “…went into the sanctuary erected upon Zion…” (e-sword).


C.     I believe that he went into one of the rooms of his palace.  The only ones allowed to enter into the Holy Place were the Levites.  David was of the tribe of Judah.  Would David violate the law of God again? 


D.    “To set before the Lord” merely means that that David had the intention of drawing nigh unto God in prayer.  We, too, can “set before the Lord” when we pray.


3.    What were the first two questions David asked the Lord? (II Sam. 7:18)


…and he said, Who am I, O Lord God?  and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?


A.    Who am I, O Lord God?

1.        In this statement, David manifests his humility.  He knows that he is not worthy of this blessing that God was bestowing upon him

2.       K&D:  “David acknowledged himself to be unworthy of the great mercy which the Lord had displayed towards him” (e-sword).

3.       Others have also manifested this same type of disposition (Jacob, Gen. 32:10).


I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which thou hast showed unto they servant…


4.       LESSON:  Humility brings exaltation (Matt. 23:12).


And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.


B.      What is my house?

1.        His humility is expressed in this question as well. 

2.       His family was not a prominent family in Israel.  There was nothing “worthy” in his family that caused God to choose it over other families in Israel.


4.    T- F   David said that this was a great thing to God. (II Sam. 7:19)


And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord God…

A.    False. 


B.      David knew that what was a great thing to him was a small thing to God.

1.        God can lift men up, and He can bring them down.

2.       His power and control are so great that they are beyond the comprehension of man.

3.       NOTE:  Even the creation of the Universe is a small thing with the Lord.  All He had to do was speak and bring all things into existence.


5.    T – F  God had spoken about David’s house for a great while to come. (II Sam. 7:19)


…but thou hast spoken also of thy servant’s house for a great while to come.


A.    True


B.      David definitely knew the covenant God made with him applied to his son Solomon.  Was he also aware that portions of it applied to the Messiah to come?  Possibly.  Notice he used the words “great while to come.”


6.    “And is this the manner of man, O Lord God” (II Sam. 7:19)


A.    This verse has been interpreted in different ways.

1.        As a question:  Is this the way men do things?  Does man take “little people” and exalt them to high positions?  The answer is:  “No.”

2.       As a statement:

a.       Notice the word “is” is in italics, meaning it was supplied by the translators. 

b.      If we remove the word “is,” we have a statement made by David.  “And this is the manner of man, O Lord God.”

c.       It is the manner of men to establish themselves on the throne and seek to remain perpetually through their offspring for years to come.


7.    T – F  David had no words to express his gratitude to God. (II Sam. 7:20)


And what can David say more unto thee?


A.    True


B.      What God had done for David could never be fully expressed in gratitude through words.


C.     QUESTION:  All Christians should have this same feeling when we contemplate the fact that God has redeemed us from all iniquity and has provided us with the hope of eternal life.


8.    “…for thou, Lord God, knowest thy servant.” (II Sam. 7:20)


A.    David could not fully express in words the gratitude he felt in his heart for what God would do through him.


B.      Fortunately, David knew that God knew his heart.  God knew David’s gratitude that was inexpressible. 



1.        God knows our hearts as well (Ps. 44:21).


Shall not God search this out?  for he knoweth the secrets of the heart.


2.       God’s knowledge of our hearts does not give us the license to sin.

a.       We commit sin, that is, we violate the law of God.

b.      We think we are okay by reasoning:  “Yes, I have sinned, but God knows my heart.” 

1)       He knows that did not really want to do it?

2)      He knows that we violated His will, but really love Him?

3)      He knows we sinned, but still accepts us.

4)      He knows we committed iniquity, but it does not bother Him since He sees the heart.


9.    What two things were involved in God’s doing these things for David? (II Sam. 7:21)


For thy word’s sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, Lord God, knowest thy servant.


A.    For His word’s sake

1.        God had promised that He would bring the Messiah into the world.

2.       He would fulfill this promise.


B.      According to His heart

1.        The choices through whom God would bring the Messiah into the world were made by God.

2.       At this time, it was the Lord’s will, that is, His heart to choose David to be the one through whom the Chosen One would come.


10.  What three descriptions did David give of God?  (II Sam. 7:22)


Wherefore thou art great, O Lord God:  for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.


A.    Thou art great (Deut. 3:24)


B.      There is none like thee (Deut. 4:35).


C.     Neither is there any God beside thee (Exo. 15:11).


D.    NOTE:  These three things David came to know because of what God was going to do for David and through David.


E.      QUESTION:  What has God done in your life to make you confess these same things about God?


11.   T – F  There were others nations that were like Israel. (II Sam. 7:23)


And what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even to Israel…


A.    False


B.      When God sanctifies you for Himself and sets His name upon you, there are no others that can be compared to you.


12.  “…whom God went to redeem for a people to himself…” (II Sam. 7:23)


A.    Redeem

1.        Strong (6299):  ransom, release, preserve

2.       BDB:  to ransom, rescue, deliver


B.      He “went” to redeem Israel when He sent Moses to bring them up out of the land of Egypt.




13.  In redeeming Israel, what did God make for himself? (II Sam. 7:23)


…and to make him a name…


A.    A name


B.      God often uses people to manifest His name to the world.  When individuals thought of Israel, they also thought of the God who brought them out of the land of Egypt (Exo. 29:45-46).


And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God.  And they shall know that I am the Lord their God, that brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them:  I am the Lord their God.


14.  How did David describe the “things” God had done for Israel” (II Sam. 7:23)


…and to do for you great things and terrible…


A.    Great things

1.        Definition

a.       Strong (1420)  greatness, mighty acts

b.      BDB:  greatness of God

2.       The great things of God are such nature that they cannot be duplicated by man.  Man must acknowledge the power of God that is behind them (See Exo. 8:9).


B.      Terrible

1.        Definition:

a.       Strong (3372):  to fear, morally to revere

b.      BDB:  to fear, revere, to stand in awe of, reverence, respect

2.       K&D:  “those acts of divine omnipotence, which fill men with fear and trembling at the majesty of the Almighty” (e-sword).


15.  T – F  God redeemed Israel for a particular land. (II Sam. 7:23)


…for thy land, before thy people, which thou redeemest to thee from Egypt…


A.    True


B.      God not only demonstrated His great and terrible acts in Egypt, but He did it again when he disposed of the Canaanite nations in the Promised Land as well.  (Ex., the overthrow of Jericho, Josh. 6:20-21).


16.  From what two things had God redeemed Israel? (II Sam. 7:23)


…from the nations and their gods?


A.    The nations, the nations of Canaan


B.      Their gods, the false gods of the Canaanites


17.  “For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee forever” (II Sam. 7:24)


18.  Define:  confirmed (II Sam. 7:24)


A.    Strong (3559):  to be erect (that is, stand perpendicular), to set up, establish, fix


B.      BDB:  to be firm, be stable, be established, to be set up, to be firmly established


19.  T – F  The Lord had become their God. (II Sam. 7:24)


…and thou, Lord, art become their God.


A.    True


20.  What did David want God to do with His words spoken concerning his servant? (II Sam. 7:25)


And now, O Lord God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it forever, and do as thou hast said.


A.    He wanted the Lord to establish His words forever and do as He had said.


B.      Establish (this is not the same word as “confirmed” in the previous verse)

1.        Strong (6965):  to arise

2.       BDB:  to rise, arise, to stand, to rise up, to stand up, to establish, be confirmed, to be valid, to be confirmed, to be fulfilled


C.     David is not upset with the Lord.  He is awed by what God will do with him and his seed.  He exhorts God to now fulfill the things that He has spoken.


21.  What did David want to be magnified forever? (II Sam.7:26)


And let thy name be magnified forever…


A.    He wanted the name of God to be magnified forever


B.      Remember, the word “name” encompasses all there is about the individual who is named.  He wanted all about God to magnified forever.


22.  Who was the God over Israel? (II Sam. 7:26)


…saying, The Lord of hosts is the God over Israel…


A.    The Lord of hosts


23.  T – F  David wanted his house to be established forever. (II Sam. 7:26)


…and let the house of thy servant David be established before thee.


A.    True


B.      David understood the nature of the blessing being bestowed upon him.  He appreciated it and wanted to Lord to do as He promised.


24.  What did the Lord reveal to David? (II Sam. 7:27)


For thou, O Lord of hosts, God of Israel, has revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee a house…


A.    That God would build him a house


25.  What did that information cause David to do? (II Sam. 7:27)


…therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee.


A.    It caused David to speak the words of this prayer to God.


B.      LESSON:  When God blesses us, we should bow our heads in thanksgiving for all that He has done on our behalf.


26.  How did David describe God’s words? (II Sam. 7:28)


And now, O Lord God, thou art that God, and thy words be true…


A.    Thy words be true


B.      True

1.        Strong (571):  stability, certainty, truth, trustworthiness

2.       BDB:  firm, faithfulness, truth, sureness, reliableness


C.     LESSON:  God’s words can always be trusted.  They are certain, reliable, and sure. 


27.  What had God promised to David? (II Sam. 7:28)


...and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant.


A.    Goodness


B.      Defined:

1.        Strong (2896):  good, good thing

2.       BDB:  good, pleasant, agreeable, excellent, valuable in estimation, becoming


C.     LESSON:  When God gives gifts, they are always good (James 1:17).


Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.


28.  What two things did David ask the Lord to do for his house? (II Sam. 7:29)


Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue forever before thee:  for thou, O Lord God, hast spoken it:  and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed forever.


A.    He wanted it to continue forever


B.      He wanted it to be blessed forever



















The Records of David:  Victories & Officials

II Samuel 8:1-18


Victor M. Eskew


1.     Outline:


v.                  II SAMUEL 8:1

vi.                II SAMUEL 8:2

vii.              II SAMUEL 8:3-8

viii.            II SAMUEL 8:9-12

ix.                II SAMUEL 8:13

x.                  II SAMUEL 8:14

xi.                II SAMUEL 8:15-18


2.    After David placed the ark in Jerusalem, who did he smite and subdue? (II Sam. 8:1)


3.    What did David take out of the hand of the Philistines? (II Sam. 8:1)


4.    Who was the next nation David smote? (II Sam. 8:2)


5.    What does it mean when it says David “measured them with a line”? (II Sam. 8:2)


6.    How many lines did David measure? (II Sam. 8:2)


7.    What did David do to the two lines? (II Sam. 8:2)


8.    Who did David smite when he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates? (II Sam. 8:3)


9.    What did David take from Hadadezar? (II Sam. 8:4)








10.  How many chariot horses did David reserve for himself? (II Sam. 8:4)


11.   Who came to succor Hadadezar? (II Sam. 8:5)


12.  How many Syrians did David slay? (II Sam. 8:5)


13.  What did David put in Syria? (II Sam. 8:6)


14.  T – F  The Syrians refused to bring David gifts. (II Sam. 8:6)


15.  “And the Lord __________________ David withersoever he went.” (II Sam. 8:6)


16.  Where did David bring the shields of Hadadezar’s servants? (II Sam. 8:7)


17.  From what two cities of Hadadezar did David take exceeding much brass? (II Sam. 8:8).






18.  Who heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezar? (II Sam. 8:9)


19.  Who did Toi send to David to salute him and bless him? (II Sam. 8:10)


20.  What did Joram bring with him when he went to David? (II Sam. 8:10)








21.  What did David do with Joram’s gifts? (II Sam. 8:11)


22.  How many nations and kings did David subdue? (II Sam. 8:12)


23.  What did David get for himself after he smote the Syrians in the valley of salt? (II Sam. 8:13)


24.  How many Syrians did he smite? (II Sam. 8:13)


25.  T- F   David put garrisons in Edom and all of Edom was David’s servants. (II Sam. 8:14)


26.  “And the Lord _________________ David __________________ he went.” (II Sam. 8:14)


27.  As David reigned over Israel, what two things did he execute? (II Sam. 8:15)






28.  Who was over the hosts? (II Sam. 8:16)


29.  Who was David’s recorder? (II Sam. 8:16)


30.  What two men were the priests? (II Sam. 8:17)


31.  Who was David’s scribe? (II Sam. 8:17)


32.  Who was over the Cherethites and Pelethites? (II Sam. 8:18)


33.  Who were the Cherethites and Pelethites? (II Sam. 8:18)


34.  What position was given to David’s sons? (II Sam. 8:18)