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David Rooted as King Over All Israel

II Samuel 5:11-25

Victor M. Eskew


1.     Outline the text


i.                    DAVID BUILDS HIS HOUSE (II Sam 5:11-12)

ii.                  DAVID BEGETS MORE CHILDREN (II Sam. 5:13-16)

iii.                DAVID BATTLES THE PHILISTINES (II Sam. 5:17-25)


2.    What did Hiram king of Tyre send to David? (II Sam. 5:11)


And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons…


A.    He sent messengers, cedar trees, carpenters, and masons.


B.      Hiram of Tyre (reign, 980 to 947 B.C.)

1.        Tyre was a sea coast town located to the north of Canaan in the land of Pheonicia.  Fishing and commerce were large components of this city.

2.       This is the first time we read of Hiram in the Bible, but it will not be the last. 

3.       Hiram will outlive David and will be associated with Solomon as well.

4.       Hiram became an ally of Israel.  This would have been a wise move on Hiram’s part.  It would have secured him a route of travel to the south through the land in addition to his being able to go by sea.

5.       The city was not a godly city.  It was filled with sin and immorality.


3.    What was the purpose of the supplies? (II Sam. 5:11)


…and they built David a house.


A.    To build David a house.


4.    What two things did David perceive? (II Sam. 5:12)


And David perceived that the Lord had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel’s sake.


A.    The Lord had established him king over Israel.


B.      The Lord had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel’s sake.


5.    “And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem after he was come from Hebron…” (II Sam. 5:13).


A.    It was a custom of kings in that day to have many wives and concubines in his harem.

1.        It would show his vitality as a man.

2.       It would prove his strength as a warrior since some would be taken after being victorious in battle.

3.       It would show his political prowess because these women were often from foreign lands, often daughters of others kings.


B.      It is not often mentioned, but David was in violation of God’s law because of all of these marriages (Deut. 17:17).


Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away…


6.    T – F  David had sons and daughters born to him in Jerusalem. (II Sam. 5:13).


…and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.


A.    True


7.    How many sons were born to David in Jerusalem? (II Sam. 5:14-16)


And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammuah, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon.  Ibhar also and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia, and Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.


A.    Eleven sons were born to David.


8.    What were the names of the sons born to David in Jerusalem? (II Sam. 5:14-16)


A.    Shammuah, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, Abhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphalet


B.      Notes:

1.        The first four sons born to David in Jerusalem were “of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel” (I Chron. 3:5).  Ammiel is called Eliam in II Samuel 11:3.  He may have been the son of Ahithophel, one of David’s mighty men (II Sam. 23:34).

2.       There are two more sons who have been omitted from the list.  It is believed that they could have possibly died in infancy or at an early age. 

a.       The names that are omitted are Eliphelet and Nogah (I Chron 3:6-8).

b.      Notice that two of the sons were named Eliphelet.  The younger may have been named for the older because he had died very young.

3.       David had a total of 19 sons, six born in Hebron and thirteen born in Jerusalem.

4.       Daughters are seldom mentioned in the Biblical text unless they became heiresses or a person of renown (see I Chron. 3:9).


9.    Who came to seek David when they heard he had been anointed king over Israel? (II Sam. 5:17)


But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David…


A.    The Philistines


10.  Where did David go when he knew the Philistines were seeking him? (II Sam. 5:17)


…and David heard of it, and went down to the hold.


A.    He went down to the hold, a place of safety from his enemies.


B.      The hold

1.        Definitions:

a.       Strong (4686):  a net, a fastness

b.      BDB:  fastness, a stronghold

2.       Barnes believes that it was most likely the cave of Adullum (See II Sam. 23:13-14).  He does not think that the construction of the Millo would have been completed so quickly.


11.   Where did the Philistines spread themselves? (II Sam. 5:18)


The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

A.    In the valley of Rephaim.


B.      Map




12.  T – F  When the Philistines sought David, he failed to inquire of the Lord.  (II Sam. 5:19)


And David inquired of the Lord…


A.    False.  He did inquire of the Lord.


13.  What two questions did David ask God when he inquired of God about the Philistines? (II Sam. 5:19)


…saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines?  wilt thou deliver them into mine hand?


A.    Shall I to up to the Philistines?


B.      Wilt thou deliver them into mine hand?


14.  How did the Lord respond to David’s inquiry? (II Sam. 5:19)


…And the Lord said unto David, Go up:  for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.


A.    He told David to go up and that He would ensure David’s victory over the Philistines.


B.      NOTE: 

1.        This is the type of communication that some individuals say they have with God today. 

a.       God no longer communicates directly to man today. 

b.      God has revealed His will to us through His Son (Heb. 1:2).  His will is found in the Bible.

2.       There are many who wish God would communicate His will to them directly.

a.       If He did, they would need faith to do what God authorizes.

b.      Some would still doubt and rebel against God.


15.  Where did David smite the Philistines in the first encounter? (II Sam. 5:20)


And David came to Baal-perazim, and David smote them there…


A.    Baal-perazim

1.        The name means “Master of breaches,” “possessor of breaches,” or “place of breaches.”

2.       It is only mentioned one other time in the Bible (Isa. 28:21)


16.  “…and said, The Lord hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters” (II Sam. 5:20)


A.    David’s army attacked the Philistines and made a huge gap in the line of their soldiers.


B.      David likened it to a breach of waters, that is, a break that would happen in a levy or dam and cause the waters to pour forth.


17.  What did David call the name of the place wherein he smote the Philistines? (II Sam. 5:20)


…Therefore he called the name of that place Baal-perazim.


A.    Baal-perazim


18.  What did the Philistines leave behind? (II Sam. 5:21)


And there they left their images…


A.    Their images

1.        It was customary for armies to bring their images to the field of battle.

2.       They believed that their gods were with them and give them victory.

3.       When God’s people battled the foreign nations, it was more than a battle against nations.  It involved a battel between each other’s deity.


B.      Images

1.        Strong (6091):  idols, images

2.       BDB:  (idolatrous) images

3.       The word comes from a term that means “to carve, fabricate, or fashion.”


19.  What did David and his men do to the images? (II Sam. 5:21)


…and David and his men burned them.


A.    They burned them.


B.      The purposes of burning them.

1.        To manifest absolute victory over these false gods.

2.       To keep the Israelites from bringing them home and being tempted to worship them.


20.  T – F  The Philistines spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim again. (II Sam. 5:22)


And the Philistines came up yet again,and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.


A.    True.


B.      Being defeated in one battle did not mean that the war was over.  Troops often retreated, then returned to fight again.


21.  T – F  David inquired of the Lord before engaging in this second battle. (II Sam. 5:23)


And when David inquired of the Lord…


A.    True


22.  T – F  God told David not to go up.  (II Sam. 5:23)


…he said, Thou shalt not go up…


A.    True


B.      God was going to approach this battle in a different way.


23.  “…but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees” (II Sam. 5:23).


A.    Compass

1.        Strong (5437):  to revolve, surround, border

2.       BDB:  to go around, encircle


B.      They would not make a head on approach.  Instead, this time they would attack them from behind.


C.     The mulberry trees are “the weeping trees.”  Most believe that this was the balsam tree.


24.  For what was David to wait in the tops of the mulberry trees? (II Sam. 5:24).


And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself...


A.    The sound of going


B.      We are not sure of the exact sound David would experience.

1.        It would have been more than just the rustling of the tree tops.

2.       It would have been strong and distinct causing David to rise up against his enemies.


25.  When he heard the sound, who would go out before him, to smite the host of the Philistines? (II Sam. 5:24)


…for then shall the Lord go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines.


A.    The Lord would go out before him


26.  T – F  David rebelled against God in this battle.  (II Sam. 5:25)


And David did so, as the Lord had commanded him…


A.    True


B.      David’s life was not perfect.  However, when he was challenged by God to do things as God wanted them do, he obeyed.  He had a heart for God.


27.  “…and smote the Philistines from Geba unto thou come to Gazer.” (II Sam. 5:25)


Anne : Center for Online Judaic Studies



The Retrieval of the Ark of God

II Samuel 6:1-11


Victor M. Eskew


1.     Outline the text


i.                    II SAMUEL 6:1-2

ii.                  II SAMUEL 6:3-5

iii.                II SAMUEL 6:6-7

iv.                II SAMUEL 6:8-10

v.                  II SAMUEL 6:11


2.    How many chosen men did David gather together?  (II Sam. 6:1)


3.    From what place did David leave to take the ark of God to Jerusalem? (II Sam. 6:2)


4.    Whose name dwells between the cherubims? (II Sam. 6:2)


5.    Upon what did they set the ark? (II Sam. 6:3)


6.    Out of whose house did they bring the ark? (II Sam. 6:3)


7.    What two men drove the new cart? (II Sam. 6:3)


8.    Where was Abinadab’s house located? (II Sam. 6:4)


9.    Who went before the ark? (II Sam. 6:4)


10.  Who played on all manner of instruments before the Lord” (II Sam. 6:5)


11.   Out of what type of material were the instruments constructed? (II Sam. 6:5)


12.  Name the five instruments that were played. (I Sam. 6:5)








13.  Where were they when the oxen shook the cart? (II Sam. 6:6)


14.  Who put forth his hand and touched the ark? (II Sam. 6:6)


15.  “And the ________________ of the Lord was kindled against Uzzah…” (II Sam. 6:7)


16.  “…and he smote him there for his _________________...” (II Sam. 6:7)


17.  T – F  Uzzah died by the ark of God. (II Sam. 6:7)


18.  David was ( pleased      displeased ) because God made a breach upon Uzzah. (II Sam. 6:8)


19.  Define:  displeased (II Sam. 6:8)

20.  Define:  breach (II Sam. 6:8)


21.  What did David call the name of the place? (II Sam. 6:8)


22.  T – F  David was not afraid of the Lord that day. (II Sam. 6:9)


23.  What question did David ask after the events of that day? (II Sam. 6:9)


24.  T – F  David continued to bring the ark to Jerusalem that day. (II Sam. 6:10)


25.  Where did David take the ark? (II Sam. 6:10)


26.  How long was the ark in the home of Obed-edom? (II Sam. 6:11)


27.  “…and the Lord ________________ Obed-edom, and all his household.”  (II Sam. 6:11)