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The Records of David:  Victories & Officials

II Samuel 8:1-18

Victor M. Eskew


1.     Outline:


i.                    DAVID SUBDUES THE PHILISTINES (II Sam 8:1)

ii.                  DAVID SMITES MOAB (II SAMUEL 8:2)

iii.                DAVID STRUGGLES WITH HADADEZER (II Sam. 8:3-8)

iv.                TOI SALUTES DAVID (II Sam 8:9-12)

v.                  DAVID SECURED A NAME FOR HIMSELF (II Sam. 8:13)

vi.                DAVID SUBJECTS EDOM TO ISRAEL (II Sam 8:14)

vii.              DAVID’S SCHEDULE OF OFFICIALS (II Sam. 8:15-18)


2.    After David placed the ark in Jerusalem, who did he smite and subdue? (II Sam. 8:1)


And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them…


A.    The Philistines


3.    What did David take out of the hand of the Philistines? (II Sam. 8:1)


…and David took Metheg-ammah out of the hand of the Philistines.


A.    Metheg-ammah

1.        Strong (4965):  bit of the metropolis

2.       BDB:  bridle of the mother city (i.e., control or authority of)

3.       K&D explains this as being the chief or capital city at the time.


B.      I Chronicles reports about this victory, but says that David took Gath (I Chron. 18:1). 


C.     Barnes believes that this was most likely “the name of some stronghold which commanded Gath” (e-sword, Barnes).


4.    What was the next nation David smote? (II Sam. 8:2)


And he smote Moab…


A.    Moab


Bible Study: Ezekiel 25 – To Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistines ...


B.      This is interesting because there was a time when David was friendly with the king of Moab.  In fact, David had taken his mother and father to the king for protection while he fled from Saul (See I Sam. 22:3-4).


C.     What caused them to become the enemies of David is not told to us in Scripture.


5.    What does it mean when it says David “measured them with a line”? (II Sam. 8:2)


…and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground…


A.    The words “measured them with a line,” simply mean that he divided them.


6.    How many lines did David measure? (II Sam. 8:2)


…even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive.  And so the Moabites became David’s servants, and brought gifts.


A.    He measured three lines.


B.      Most believe that the lines measured involved the fighting men of Moab.


7.    What did David do to the two lines? (II Sam. 8:2)


…even with two line measured he to put to death…


A.    He put them to death


8.    Who did David smite when he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates? (II Sam. 8:3)


David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.


A.    Hadadezer


Tigris-Euphrates Civilization


B.      Hadadezer was the king of Syria.  His name reflects the chief god of the Syrians, Hadad, the sun-god.


9.    What did David take from Hadadezar? (II Sam. 8:4)


And David took from him a thousand chariots:  and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen…


A.    A thousand chariots


B.      Seven hundred horsemen


C.     Twenty thousand footmen


10.  How many chariot horses did David reserve for himself? (II Sam. 8:4)


…and David houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for a hundred chariots.


A.    He reserved enough horses for a hundred chariots.


B.      Note the word “horses” is in italics.  Clarke believes that David did not harm the horses, but rather he dismantled and probably burned the chariots themselves.  He only reserved 100 of them for himself.


11.   Who came to succor Hadadezar? (II Sam. 8:5)


And when the Syrians came to succor Haddadezer king of Zobah…


A.    The Syrians of Damascus


B.      The word “succor” simply means to help or provide assistance.


12.  How many Syrians did David slay? (II Sam. 8:5)


...David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.


A.    22,000 men


13.  What did David put in Syria? (II Sam. 8:6)


Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus…


A.    Garrisons

1.        Strong (5333):  something stationary, a military post

2.       BDB:  something placed, garrison, post


14.  T – F  The Syrians refused to bring David gifts. (II Sam. 8:6)


…and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts.


A.    False


B.      Gifts

1.        Strong (4503):  a tribute

2.       BDB:  tribute.

3.       This would be a tax that was imposed by David upon the nation since he now had control over it.


15.  “And the Lord preserved David withersoever he went.” (II Sam. 8:6)


A.    Preserved

1.        Strong (3467):  to be open, wide free, to be safe, to free or succor

2.       BDB:  to save, deliver, to deliver from moral troubles, to give victory to


B.      We must always keep in mind that the nation of Israel was a physical kingdom as well as being a religion.  The other nations were not only hostile to the people of God, they were hostile to God Himself. 


16.  Where did David bring the shields of Hadadezar’s servants? (II Sam. 8:7)


And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.


A.    He brought them to Jerusalem.


17.  From what two cities of Hadadezar did David take exceeding much brass? (II Sam. 8:8).


And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.


A.    Betah


B.      Berothai


C.     I Chronicles 18:8 reveals that Solomon eventually used this brass for the brazen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass.


18.  Who heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezar? (II Sam. 8:9)


When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer.


A.    Toi king of Hamath


B.      Clarke:  “Hamath is supposed to be the famous city of Emesa, situated on the Orontes, in Syria” (e-sword).


19.  Who did Toi send to David to salute him and bless him? (II Sam. 8:10)


The Toi sent Joram his son unto king David to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him:  for Hadadezer had wars with Toi…


A.    He sent Joram his son


B.      His son is called Hadoram in I Chronicles 18:10. 


20.  What did Joram bring with him when he went to David? (II Sam. 8:10)


…And Joram brought with him vessels of silver and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass.


A.    Vessels of silver


B.      Vessels of gold


C.     Vessels of brass


21.  What did David do with Joram’s gifts? (II Sam. 8:11)


Which also king David did dedicate unto the Lord, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued.

A.    He dedicated them unto the Lord.


B.      Dedicate:

1.        Strong (6942):  to make clean (ceremonially or morally)

2.       BDB:  to consecrate, sanctify, prepare, dedicate, be hallowed, be holy, be sanctified, be separate


22.  How many nations and kings did David subdue? (II Sam. 8:12)


Of Syria, and Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.


A.    Four if you include Hadadezer with Syria


B.      Five if Hadadezar is separated out from Syria


23.  What did David get for himself after he smote the Syrians in the valley of salt? (II Sam. 8:13)


And David gat him a name when he returned home from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt…


A.    He got him a name.


B.      NOTE:  Most believe that the word Syrians should really be Edomites, which would make sense when connected to the next verse.


24.  How many Syrians did he smite? (II Sam. 8:13)


…being eighteen thousand men.


A.    18,000 men


25.  T- F   David put garrisons in Edom and all of Edom was David’s servants. (II Sam. 8:14)


And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David’s servants.


A.    True


26.  “And the Lord preserved David withersoever he went.” (II Sam. 8:14)


27.  As David reigned over Israel, what two things did he execute? (II Sam. 8:15)


And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.


A.    Judgment

1.        Strong (4941):  a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree, human or divine law including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty

2.       BDB:  judgment, the act of deciding a case, process, procedure, litigation (before judges), case, cause (presented for judgment), sentence, decision (of judgment), execution (of judgment), time (of judgment).


B.      Justice

1.        Strong (6666):  rightness, rectitude, justice

2.       BDB:  justice, righteousness


28.  Who was over the hosts? (II Sam. 8:16)


And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host…


A.    Joab


29.  Who was David’s recorder? (II Sam. 8:16)


…and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder.


A.    Jehoshaphat


B.      This is the first time he is mentioned in the Biblical text.


C.     Recorder

1.        Strong (2142):  properly to mark (so as to be recognized), that is, remembered

2.       BDB:  to remember, recall, call to mind, to cause to be remembered, keep in remembrance

3.       K&D:  One “who keeps a record of everything that takes place around the king, furnishes him with an account of all that occurs in the kingdom, places his visé upon all the king's commands, and keeps a special protocol of all these things (vid., Chardin, Voyages v. p. 258, and Paulsen, Regierung der Morgenländer, pp. 279-80) (e-sword).


30.  What two men were the priests? (II Sam. 8:17)


And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests…


A.    Zadok the son of Ahitub, of the line of Eleazar (I Chron. 6:8), and performed his duties at the tabernacle of Gibeon (I Chron. 16:39).


B.      Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, of the line of Ithamar, who performed his duties in the city of Jerusalem.


31.  Who was David’s scribe? (II Sam. 8:17)


…and Seraiah was the scribe.


A.    Scribe

1.        Strong (5608):  to score as a mark as a tally or record

2.       BDB:  to count, recount, to number, take account of, reckon, to count exactly and accurately.


B.      This seems to be a position involving a financial advisor to the king.


32.  Who was over the Cherethites and Pelethites? (II Sam. 8:18)


And Benaiah the son of Jehioada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites.


A.    Benaiah


B.      This is the first time he is mentioned in Scripture.


C.     Later, we will learn that he was one of David’s mighty men (II Sam. 23:20).


33.  Who were the Cherethites and Pelethites? (II Sam. 8:18)


A.    Cherethites

1.        Strong (3774):  in the sense of executioner, a lifeguard’s man

2.       BDB:  a group of foreign mercenary soldiers serving as a bodyguard for king David; also executioners

3.       Some believe that these were the ones that fled with David from Saul.

4.       The Targum interprets this name as the archers. 


B.      Pelethites

1.        Strong (6432):  couriers or official messenger

2.       BDB:  probably descendants of an unknown person, perhaps Philistine mercenaries.

3.       Some believe that this group of individuals came to David at Ziglag.

4.       The Targum interprets this name as slingers, that is, good with a sling.


34.  What position was given to David’s sons? (II Sam. 8:18)


…and David’s sons were chief rulers.


A.    Chief rulers


B.      Definition

1.        Strong (3548):  literally, one officiating, a priest

2.       BDB:  priest, principal officer, chief ruler

3.       Barnes:  “from the root meaning to minister, or manage affairs” (e-sword)






































The Rise of Mephebosheth in David’s House

II Samuel 9:1-13


Victor M. Eskew


1.     Outline:


viii.            II SAMUEL 9:1

ix.                II SAMUEL 9:2-4

x.                  II SAMUEL 9:5-8

xi.                II SAMUEL 9:9-11

xii.              II SAMUEL 9:12-13


2.    Of which house did David inquire? (II Sam. 9:1)


3.    What did he want to do to those of this house? (II Sam. 9:1)


4.    What was the name of Saul’s servant who was called unto David? (II Sam. 9:2)


5.    How did Ziba answer David when asked his name? (II Sam. 9:2)


6.    What question did David pose to Ziba? (II Sam. 9:3)


7.    T – F  There was no one left of Saul’s house. (II Sam. 9:3)


8.    What was wrong with Mephibosheth? (II Sam. 9:3)


9.    In whose house was Mephibosheth living? (II Sam. 9:4)


10.  In what town was Mephibosheth living? (II Sam. 9:4)


11.   T – F  David sent and fetched Mephibosheth out of Machir’s house.  (II Sam. 9:5)


12.  “Now when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, was come unto David, he ____________ on his _____________, and did _________________________” (II Sam. 9:6)


13.  When David addressed Mephibosheth, how did he respond? (II Sam. 9:6)


14.  David told Mephibosheth that he ( should       should not ) fear. (II Sam. 9:7)


15.  What was David going to “show” to Mephibosheth? (II Sam. 9:7)


16.  What two things did David say he would give to Jonathan’s son? (II Sam. 9:7)






17.  When Mephibosheth heard David’s words, what question did he ask? (II Sam. 9:8)


18.  To whom did David speak these words:  “I have given unto thy master’s son all that pertain to Saul and to all his house”? (II Sam. 9:9)


19.  What was Ziba and his sons and his servants to do for Mephibosheth? (II Sam. 9:10)

20.  Where would Mephibosheth always eat bread? (II Sam. 9:10)


21.  “Now Ziba had ________________ sons and _____________ servants.” (II Sam. 9:10)


22.  T – F  Ziba refused to do as the king ordered.  (II Sam. 9:11)


23.  Mephibosheth would eat bread “as one of the ______________  __________” (II Sam. 9:11)


24.  What was the name of Mephibosheth’s son? (II Sam. 9:12)


25.  “And all that dwelt in the house of Ziba were _______________ unto Mephibosheth” (II Sam. 9:12)


26.  In what city did Mephibosheth dwell from then on? (II Sam. 9:13)


27.  “…for he did ___________  _______________ and the _____________ table; and was ___________ on both his feet” (II Sam. 9:13).